What is Django?
Django is an open source web application framework that is written in Python. The official site describes the framework as “a high-level Python web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. Built by experienced developers, it takes care of much of the hassle of web development, so that a customer can focus on writing the app without needing to reinvent the wheel.”
Django offers a huge collection of modules that one can use in their projects. The framework was developed to help developers save wasted time and headaches. The primary goal is to make the creation of complex, data-driven websites easier. The framework emphasizes on reusability and pluggability of the components, rapid development, as well as the principle of ‘don’t repeat yourself.'
Python is used all over the framework including in setting data models and files. The framework provides an optimal administrative interface to read, create, update, and delete. This is generated through introspection and configured through admin models.
A number of websites use Django – Pinterest, Instagram, The Washington Time, Mozilla, and more.
Features of the framework:
- It is an MVC architecture consisting of object-relational mapper which mediates between a relational data base, data models, and regular expression based URL dispatcher.
- It bundles applications in its ‘contrib’ package which includes extensible authentication systems, tools to generate RSS and Atom syndication feeds, tools to generate Google Sitemaps, a framework to create GIS applications, a dynamic administrative interface, and more.
- The framework’s configuration system can allow third party code to be plugged into regular projects given it follows the reusable app conventions.
- 2500+ packages are available to extend Django’s original behavior which provides solutions to issues that the original tool did not initially provide.
- The framework can be run in conjunction with NGINX, Apache, Gunicorn, or Cherokee.
- It also includes the ability to launch a FastCGI server which enables the use of any web server that supports FastCGI.
- Officially, the framework supports 4 database back-ends: MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and Oracle.
Why should you use Django?
#1. It is fast: It is a framework that is designed to take developers from concept to completion quickly.
#2. It is secure: The framework helps prevent developers from making common security mistakes.
#3. It is scalable: A number of websites use Django scale quickly and flexibly.
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